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1 Explain how you would check that the power-assisted steering is working before starting a journey. There are two easy ways to test the power steering is working. Firstly, start the engine and turn the steering wheel very slightly: if the power steering is working correctly, a small but noticeable movement will be felt. The second way is to turn the steering wheel just after moving off; the wheels should move with ease. If the steering feels heavy, then it’s not working properly.
2 How you would check that the brake lights are working on this car. (I can assist you) if you need to switch the ignition on, please don’t start the engine. Press the footbrake pedal; make use of reflections in windows, garage doors or elsewhere or asking someone to help if necessary. As this is a ‘show me’ question, the examiner may check the brake light for you. You may need to switch the ignition on: however, you should not start the engine.
3 How you would check that the direction indictors are working. Turn on the ignition, switch on the left, then the right indicators. A warning light on the instrument panel will flash, and there should be a ticking sound. Switch them off after check.
4 How you would check that the horn is working (off road only). Checking to see if the horn works is simple. You will be able to hear it when you press down on the control. You may need to switch the ignition on: however, you should not start the engine.
5 How you would check the parking brake (handbrake) for excessive wear; make sure you keep safe control of the vehicle. Press the footbrake pedal firmly. Demonstrate by applying the parking brake (handbrake) so that when it is fully applied it secures itself, and is not at the end of the working travel. You can tell its working correctly as it should hold the car securely.
6 How you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers. Operate the control to wash and wipe the windscreen. You may need to switch the ignition on, but you should not start the engine.
7 How you would set the demister controls to clear the windows effectively; this should include both front and rear screens. Check all the relevant dashboard controls, including fan, temperature, air direction/ source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. The engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
8 How you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use it/them. (There’s no need to exit the vehicle or start the engine.) Operate the switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check that the appropriate warning light is on. Explain that the use of these lights is governed by law and is restricted to very poor visibility, i.e. less than 100 metres.
9 How you switch your headlights from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car. Operate the switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary) and check the main beam warning light on the instrument panel.